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Glossary
01.August.2020

Glossary

Cannabinoids - split into two main sub groups, phytocannabinoids and endocannabinoids. 


Phytocannabinoids - chemicals in the Cannabis Plant - See list if cannabinoids


Endocannabinoid - cannabinoids that are present in your body which bind to receptors to stimulate various effects to help you cope with day to day activities. 


Psychoactive - alters your perception, mood, consciousness or behaviour. 


THC - Tetrahydrocannabinol, the psychoactive phytocannabinoid available in cannabis. 


Terpenes - organic compounds produced by plants and some insects. Most people will have smelt these in essential oils. Responsible for the many interesting smells that the cannabis plant can emit. 


Flavonoids - organic compounds produced in plants, responsible for a number of functions, most important being the pigment for flower colouration and filtering UV light. 


Entourage Effect - anecdotal evidence shows that the combined effect of taking a whole plant extract has a better beneficial effect than isolated CBD can, this is however contested but still an interesting area of research.  


Inflammatory - your body’s initial response to injury or infection and is crucial to tissue repair. It is a good thing but chronic inflammation can cause various problems for people.  


Nociceptive - pain caused by chemical, mechanical or thermal stimulation.


Neuropathic - diseases that affect peripheral nerves, those found beyond your brain and spine. 


Neurodegenerative - progressive loss of neurons, including Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s and Huntington’s disease. 


Neuroprotective - widely explored treatment for neurodegenerative diseases. 


Anticonvulsant - drugs used for the treatment of epileptic seizures. 


Antiemetic - drugs used for the treatment of vomiting and nausea.


Homeostasis - the state of internal, physical and chemical conditions maintained in living systems. 


Allostasis - the process of achieving homeostasis (stability). 


Bioavailability - the amount of a medication that is absorbed. Intravenous medication would be 100% bioavailable, any other route of administration there will be an amount of loss between taking it and it reaching your bloodstream. 


Sublingual - under the tongue administration. 


Antioxidant - compounds that prevent oxidation.


Oxidation - part of a chemical reaction that involves the moving of electrons. Referred to as a redox reaction. Unpaired electrons will travel between chemicals to pair together.


Free Radical - is an atom or molecule that has an unpaired electron. Radicals play an important role in living organisms and our immune system but too much exposure to them can cause oxidative stress. 


Oxidative stress - is an imbalance of oxidation and our ability to detoxify ourselves thought to be responsible for the development of ADHD, cancer, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, atherosclerosis, heart failure, autism, infection, chronic fatigue syndrome, depression and a host of other problems. 

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